生态与农村环境学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (9): 1093-1100.doi: 10.19741/j.issn.1673-4831.2021.0476

• 专论与综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

农业土壤健康评价体系研究进展

王怀嵩, 张涛   

  1. 东北师范大学草地科学研究所/植被生态科学教育部重点实验室/吉林松嫩草地生态系统国家野外科学观测研究站, 吉林 长春 130024
  • 收稿日期:2021-08-05 出版日期:2022-09-25 发布日期:2022-09-21
  • 通讯作者: 张涛,E-mail:zhangt946@nenu.edu.cn E-mail:zhangt946@nenu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:王怀嵩(1998-),男,河北邢台人,主要研究方向为土壤生态学。E-mail:Wanghs800@nenu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(31770359);吉林省自然科学基金(20200201115JC);中央高校基本科研业务资助项目(2412018ZD011,2412020ZD010)

Research Progress of Agricultural Soil Health Evaluation System

WANG Huai-song, ZHANG Tao   

  1. Institute of Grassland Science, Northeast Normal University/Key Laboratory of Vegetation Ecology, Ministry of Education/Jilin Songnen Grassland Ecosystem National Observation and Research Station, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2021-08-05 Online:2022-09-25 Published:2022-09-21

摘要: 农业土壤健康状况对全球粮食安全和生态安全意义重大。由于人类活动等因素造成的土壤质量下降问题普遍存在,如何提高农业土壤健康状况已经成为全球关注的热点和前沿问题。系统介绍了国内外土壤健康评价体系及其应用现状,并总结了现有土壤健康评价体系在农业管理实践中的应用,以此探讨土壤健康评价体系在中国的发展趋势。现有的土壤健康评价体系需要加入新指标和新技术以及建立我国农业土壤健康网络,利用大数据监测管理实践与农业土壤健康之间的关系,开发适合中国气候环境与土壤条件的农业土壤健康评价体系。最后,基于土壤健康评价体系的建立和社会层面对农业土壤健康的认知,提出了维护我国农业土壤健康的解决途径,旨在为维护我国农业土壤健康、实现可持续发展目标提供理论支持。

关键词: 农业土壤健康, 评价体系, 土地利用, 种植模式, 农艺措施

Abstract: Soil health plays a vital role in global food security and ecological security. The decline of soil quality caused by human activities and other factors is widespread. How to improve soil health has been one of the most important hotspots and frontier issues on a global scale. The study systematically introduces the soil health evaluation system and its application status in domestic and foreign, summarizes the application of the existing soil health evaluation systems in agricultural management practice, and examines the development trend of the soil health evaluation system in China. The existing soil health assessment system needs to add some new indicators and new technologies, establish China's agricultural soil health network, use big data to understand the relationship between agricultural management practice and soil health, and develop an agricultural soil health assessment system which is suitable for China's climate environment and soil conditions. Finally, to provide theoretical support for improving China's agricultural soil health and realizing the goal of sustainable development, the solutions to maintain China's agricultural soil health are proposed based on the establishment of a soil health evaluation system and the cognition of social level on agricultural soil health.

Key words: agricultural soil health, evaluation system, land use, planting pattern, agronomic measure

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