生态与农村环境学报 ›› 2024, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 345-362.doi: 10.19741/j.issn.1673-4831.2023.0489

• 区域环境与发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

多维城市化与乡村地域功能演化的时空关联研究:以江汉平原为例

林攀1,2, 余斌1,2, 武洁萌3   

  1. 1. 华中师范大学地理过程分析与模拟湖北省重点实验室, 湖北武汉 430079;
    2. 湖北省发展和改革委员会华中师范大学武汉城市圈研究院, 湖北武汉 430079;
    3. 华中师范大学中国农村研究院, 湖北武汉 430079
  • 收稿日期:2023-05-31 出版日期:2024-03-25 发布日期:2024-03-18
  • 通讯作者: 余斌,E-mail: yupeize@126.com E-mail:yupeize@126.com
  • 作者简介:林攀(1994-),男,福建仙游人,助理工程师,研究方向为区域发展与城乡规划。E-mail: 327365273@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(42271227)

Study on the Spatio-temporal Correlation between Multidimensional Urbanization and the Evolution of Rural Territorial Functions: A Case Study of Jianghan Plain

LIN Pan1,2, YU Bin1,2, WU Jie-meng3   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory for Geographical Process Analysis & Simulation of Hubei Province, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China;
    2. Academy of Wuhan Metropolitan Area, Hubei Development and Reform Commission & Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China;
    3. Institute of China Rural Studies, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
  • Received:2023-05-31 Online:2024-03-25 Published:2024-03-18

摘要: 探索城市化与乡村地域功能演化的复杂性关联规律既是新时期城乡融合与乡村振兴的重要命题,也是乡村地理学研究的时代前沿。以江汉平原为研究案例,以2000-2019年为研究时段,在建立城市化指标体系和乡村地域功能评价模型的基础上,运用系统动态面板模型、时空地理加权回归模型等方法,深入探究多维城市化与乡村地域功能之间的时序关联规律及空间关联特征。结果表明:(1)江汉平原乡村地域功能演化具有明显结构分异性,其中,乡村地域综合功能在时序上呈现阶段性变化,空间上呈现沿焦柳-长荆发展轴的倒"U"形分布格局向汉宜线-东部平原带的"T"形分布格局演化。(2)江汉平原多维城市化与乡村地域功能在时序关联上呈现复杂性特征,其中人口、经济城市化与乡村地域综合功能呈现"N"形曲线规律,土地城市化与乡村地域综合功能呈现单调递增态势,但弹性系数值低于后期人口和经济城市化正效应值。(3)江汉平原多维城市化与乡村地域功能在空间关联上呈现明显规律性和异质性特征。研究结果有利于丰富乡村地理学理论内涵,为案例地区的城乡融合与乡村振兴实践提供支持。

关键词: 多维城市化, 乡村地域功能, 城乡关系, 时空关联, 江汉平原

Abstract: Exploring the complex correlation between urbanization and the evolution of rural territorial functions is not only an important proposition of rural-urban integration and rural revitalization in the new era, but also the frontier of rural geography research. Taking Jianghan Plain in 2000-2019 as the research case, based on the urbanization index system and rural territorial function evaluation model, this paper explores the temporal correlation regularity and spatial correlation characteristics between multidimensional urbanization and rural territorial functions by applying the method of systematic dynamic panel model, spatio-temporal geographic weighted regression model. The results show that: (1) there are obvious structural differences in the evolution of rural territorial functions in Jianghan Plain, in which the comprehensive function of rural areas had changed in stages in terms of time, and it had evolved from an inverted U-shaped distribution pattern along the development axis of Jiaoliu-Changjing to a T-shaped distribution pattern along the Hanyi Line-East Plain Belt in terms of space. (2) Multidimensional urbanization and rural territorial functions in Jianghan Plain showed complex characteristics in temporal correlation. On the one hand, the correlation between population, economic urbanization and comprehensive function of rural areas show an "N"-shaped curve regularity, and the correlation between urbanization and comprehensive function of rural areas presented a monotonic increasing trend. On the other hand, the elastic coefficient value was lower than the positive effect value of population and economic urbanization in the later period. (3) The spatial correlation between multidimensional urbanization and rural territorial functions in Jianghan Plain shows obvious regularity and heterogeneity. The research results are helpful to enrich the theoretical connotation of rural geography and provide support for the practice of rural-urban integration and rural revitalization in Jianghan Plain.

Key words: multidimensional urbanization, rural territorial function, rural-urban relationship, spatio-temporal correlation, Jianghan Plain

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