Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment ›› 2018, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (2): 153-160.doi: 10.11934/j.issn.1673-4831.2018.02.008

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of Inserted Ecological Filter Bed Improving Water Quality of Heavily Polluted River in Low-Temperature Seasons

LIU Fu-xing1, YANG Lin-zhang2, WANG Jun-li1, ZOU Guo-yan1   

  1. 1. Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Science/Shanghai Engineering Research Centre of Low-Carbon Agriculture, Shanghai 201403, China;
    2. Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Science, Nanjing 210014, China
  • Received:2017-04-01 Online:2018-02-25 Published:2018-02-09


On the basis of the traditional system of horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland (SSFW), a new system, namely, inserted ecological filter bed (IEF), was developed. Comparison was made between the two systems in pollutant removing effect in different seasons. Results show that IEF was higher than SSFW in pollutant removing rate and removed total nitrogen (TN), ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N), total phosphorus (TP) and permanganate index (CODMn) by 63.6%, 78.4%, 64.7% and 51.9%, respectively, on average, during the entire experiment period, which was 13.1%, 6.9%, 12.1% and 7.3%, respectively, higher than what the latter did. Temperature was an important factor affecting pollutant removing rate of SSFW. The rate dropped significantly during the fourth season (Oct. to Dec.) of a year when temperature is low, while IEF still maintained a relative high pollutant removing efficiency in winter, removing TN, NH3-N, TP and CODMn by 57.9%, 63.0%, 58.7% and 51.8%, respectively, which was 12.8%, 11.1%, 10.2% and 7.2%, higher than what SSFW did, respectively. All the findings in this experiment indicate that IEF can solve the problem of SSFW being low in pollutant removing efficiency in the low-temperature season, and has certain important significance in guiding purification of heavily polluted rivers.

Key words: inserted ecological filter bed, subsurface flow constructed wetland, water quality, temperature

CLC Number: