Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment ›› 2018, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (7): 599-605.doi: 10.11934/j.issn.1673-4831.2018.07.004

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Characteristic of Soil P Availability in Reduced P-Input Rice-Wheat Cropping Rotation Paddy Soils

YUAN Jia-hui1,2, WANG Yu2, WANG Shen-qiang2, ZHAO Pin-heng3, WANG Hong-yan1, CHEN Hao2, ZHU Wen-bin2   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environmental Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture/Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China;
    3. Changshu Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Changshu 215500, China
  • Received:2017-10-11 Online:2018-07-25 Published:2018-07-25


Chemical soil phosphorus (P) extraction has been widely used to characterize and understand changes in soil P fractions, however lacking adequately capture rhizosphere processes. Relying on two reduced P-input experimental stations in Taihu rice-wheat cropping rotation area, the biologically-based phosphorus (BBP) grading method was used to evaluate the availability and influencing factors of soil P during wheat-growing stage. The trial of long-term positioning P fertilizer reduction has been conducted for 7 years. The results show that, in Yixing Station, CaCl2-P in soil treated with P fertilization at wheat season only (PW) had no significant difference with soil treated at both rice and wheat seasons (PR+W), while Citrate-P and HCl-P as well as Enzyme-P under PW treatments were significantly low (P<0.05). As for Changshu Station, no significant differences were shown between three P-reducing treatments and PR+W; only Pzero treatment significantly reduced the concentration of soil HCl-P. Correlation coefficients between four BBP fractions and Olsen-P at two stations were different. Olsen-P was mainly from Citrate-P (R2=0.587, P<0.01), HCl-P (R2=0.587, P<0.01) and Enzyme-P (R2=0.531, P<0.01) in Yixing, while mainly from HCl-P (R2=0.386, P<0.05) and Citrate-P (R2=0.280, P<0.05) in Changshu. The concentration of four BBP fractions followed the order of HCl-P > Citrate-P>Enzyme-P > CaCl2-P. Furthermore, RDA showed that soil alkaline phosphatase (S-ALP) activity and pH were the dominant factors for the changes in soil P, and correlated with soil P fractions positively. These results may be helpful for understanding of the changes in soil P status while P-input was reducing.

Key words: phosphorus fractionation, bioavailability, environmental factor, wheat-growing season, paddy soil

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