Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment ›› 2018, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (7): 667-672.doi: 10.11934/j.issn.1673-4831.2018.07.013

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Review on the Closure Fees Withholding System of Hazardous Waste Landfill Site in Foreign Countries and Its Inspirations for China

XU Juan1, JIANG Wen-bo1, GUO Rui1, ZHANG Jun2, ZHENG Yang1   

  1. 1. Solid Waste and Chemicals Management Center, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Beijing 100029, China;
    2. Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Nanjing 210042, China
  • Received:2017-10-17 Online:2018-07-25 Published:2018-07-25


In the 1980s, U. S., EU, Japan and other developed countries respectively established management systems of withholding decommission fund for hazardous wastes landfill sites. The experiences from developed countries show that the system can not only effectively ensured the financial sources for the closure and maintenance of decommissioned hazardous wastes landfill sites, but also successfully controll the long-term environmental risks. By studying the systems and experiences of developed countries, the paper systematically analyzed the management systems of withholding decommission fund for hazardous wastes landfill sites from the perspectives of laws and regulations, cost estimate method for the decommission fund and management systems etc.. Based on the analyses, the calculation method for the decommission fund for hazardous wastes landfill sites in China has been established and case analysis conducted. Recommendations for the improvement based on the development status of the management systems in this regard in China has been proposed:To incorporate the withholding plan into the permit management for hazardous wastes landfill sites to guarantee the implementation of decommission fund management; To conduct supervision and management based on the annual evaluation requirements for the standardized management of operators; The landfill sites operators should calculate decommission fund according to the calculation method, deposit the fund in the special account for management or transfer the fund to government designated institutions for management in the form of guaranty, and incorporate the fund into investment budget or operation costs; The landfill site operators should apply to the environment authority for decommission and get approval, then withdraw and use the decommission fund year by year based on the actual expenditure.

Key words: hazardous waste landfill site, decommission fund estimate, decommission fund withholding system

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