Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 234-241.doi: 10.19741/j.issn.1673-4831.2019.0498

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Effects of Disturbance Modes on Lacustrine Nutrients and Algal Biomass: An Experiment Study

ZHAO Jia-min1,2, TIAN Wei1,3, YANG Gui-jun4, ZHANG Hong-liang2, TANG Xiang-ming1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. School of Resource Environment and Tourism, Anyang Normal University, Anyang 455000, China;
    3. School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241003, China;
    4. Environment and Civil Engineering School, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
  • Received:2019-07-01 Published:2020-03-03

Abstract: To understand the effect of disturbance modes on lacustrine nutrients and cyanobacterial blooms, an indoor simulative mixing experiment was conducted in July 2018 for 19 days. Results show that TN, TP and TDP concentrations decreased in the control group, intermittent disturbance group and continuous disturbance group. The concentrations of TN in the intermittent disturbance group showed the sharpest decline, and concentrations of TN differed significantly (P<0.05) among the three treatments. During the period of the experiment, the highest, medium and lowest mean values of TDP concentration were observed in the intermittent disturbance group, the control group and the continuous disturbance group, respectively. There were significant differences in TDP concentration between the intermittent disturbance and continuous disturbance groups (P<0.05). At the end of the experiment, the concentrations of Chl-a in the control group, intermittent disturbance group and continuous disturbance group were 251.8, 136.2 and 327.6 μg·L-1, respectively. Concentrations of Chl-a differed significantly (P<0.05) among the three treatments. These results indicate that intermittent disturbance was conducive to nitrogen removal from lakes. Continuous disturbance at appropriate intensities may significantly increase Chl-a concentrations, thus benefitting algal accumulation and cyanobacterial blooms.

Key words: disturbance mode, nutrients, cyanobacterial bloom

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