Research on Ecological Construction Pattern of Beautiful and Livable Rural and Townships under the Constrains of Eco-functions Protection
- ZHANG Long-jiang, JI Rong-ting, LI Hui, ZHANG Yun-hua, ZHANG Ji-fei, LIU Chang, LIU Ben-li, LI Hai-dong
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As the Project 4 of the National Key Research and Development Program "Development of Resource and Environmental Carrying Capacity Calculation System for Rural and Township Development", the research project was focusing on "Evaluation of Ecological Security and Green Ecological Construction Model of Rural and Township Development", which included identifying the dominant ecological functions of different types of rural and townships in different regions; constructing the calculation system and evaluation model of the carrying capacity of rural and townships, studying the restraining influence of regional ecological security on the development of rural and townships, definituding the suitable industries and optimization approaches for the development of rural and townships under the restraint of ecological security and putting forward the green ecological construction and sustainable model of beautiful livable rural and townships. Since the plan launched in 2018, the research group explored the spatial distribution characteristics, agglomeration degree and dominant ecological functions of ecological townships and featured towns at the national level, and the spatial and temporal patterns of the national comprehensive disaster reduction demonstration community were also analyzed. In addition, based on the dominant eco-function of five important eco-function areas (water conservation, biodiversity maintenance, soil and water conservation, wind and sand fixation, disaster reduction and prevention, etc.), the industrial characteristics of typical townships such as Xinming Township in Huangshan City, Maotai Township in Renhuai City, Wuling Township in Chongqing City, Yueyaquan Township in Dunhuang City, Weizhou Township in Wenchuan County were identified. With the research approach of "point to area" and "point by area", the industrial suitability under the constraints of ecological security in the development of rural and townships were explored, and ecological construction models of different types of beautiful and livable rural and townships were initially proposed as the model of tea industry, wine industry, featured agriculture, eco-tourism, and disaster prevention and mitigation. The research results would provide decision-making support for consolidating the results of poverty alleviation and promoting the environmental management of rural revitalization. And it has great practical significance for the improvement of the carrying capacity and sustainable development of rural and townships in important eco-function areas.